A panoramic overview of biotechnologies that can endlessly boost human capabilities and the drastic changes these "superhuman" traits could trigger
Product Code: 8302
ISBN: 9780807066621
Format: Paperback
Publisher: Beacon Press
Published Date: 09/06/2016
Availability:In stock
Price: $22.00

Biotechnology is moving fast. In the coming decades, advanced pharmaceuticals, bioelectronics, and genetic interventions will be used not only to heal the sick but to boost human physical and mental performance to unprecedented levels. People will have access to pills that make them stronger and faster, informatic devices will interface seamlessly with the human brain, and epigenetic modification may allow people to reshape their own physical and mental identities at will.

Until recently, such major technological watersheds-like the development of metal tools or the industrialization of manufacturing-came about incrementally over centuries or longer. People and social systems had time to adapt: they gradually developed new values, norms, and habits to accommodate the transformed material conditions. But contemporary society is dangerously unprepared for the dramatic changes it is about to experience down this road on which it is already advancing at an accelerating pace.

The results will no doubt be mixed. People will live longer, healthier lives, will fine-tune their own thought processes, and will generate staggeringly complex and subtle forms of knowledge and insight. But these technologies also threaten to widen the rift between rich and poor, to generate new forms of social and economic division, and to force people to engage in constant cycles of upgrades and boosts merely to keep up. Individuals who boost their traits beyond a certain threshold may acquire such extreme capabilities that they will no longer be recognized as unambiguously human.

In this important and timely book, prize-winning historian Michael Bess provides a clear, nontechnical overview of cutting-edge biotechnology and paints a vivid portrait of a near-future society in which bioenhancement has become a part of everyday life. He surveys the ethical questions raised by the enhancement enterprise and explores the space for human agency in dealing with the challenges that these technologies will present.

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PART I: HUMANS REDESIGNED One: Envisioning the Future: Between the Jetsons and the Singularity Two: Pharmaceuticals Three: Bioelectronics Four: Genetics and Epigenetics Five: Wild Cards: Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Synthetic Biology PART II: JUSTICE Six: Should We Reengineer the Human Condition? Seven: Who Gets Enhanced? Eight: A Fragmenting Species? Cultural Preferences Inscribed into Biology Nine: If I Ran a Zoo: Adventures along the Plant-Animal-Human-Machine Borderlands PART III: IDENTITY Ten: Mechanization of the Self Eleven: Turbocharging Moral Character Twelve: Shared Intimacies: Monitoring and Transmitting Mental Information Thirteen: Virtual Reality and (Yawn) This Reality Fourteen: Till Death Do Us No Longer Part: Implications of Extremely Long Healthy Spans Fifteen: New Sounds for the Old Guitar: Sex, Food, Privacy, the Arts, Warfare PART IV: CHOICES Sixteen: Why Extreme Modifications Should Be Postponed: Or, the Singularity Can Wait Seventeen: Humane Values in a World of Moderate Enhancements Eighteen: What You and I Can Do Today Nineteen: Enhancing Humility: Some Concluding Thoughts Selected Filmography Selected Bibliography/Further Reading Acknowledgments Notes Index
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